Converting Nitrogen Plants to Oxygen Plants 

  • IASbaba
  • May 4, 2021
  • 0
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Converting Nitrogen Plants to Oxygen Plants 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Health & GS – III – Sci & tech 

In news

  • Considering the requirement of medical oxygen amidst the COVID-19 pandemic situation, the Government of India explored the feasibility of conversion of existing nitrogen plants to produce oxygen.

Key takeaways 

  • Potential industries, wherein existing nitrogen plants may be converted for production of oxygen, were identified.
  • In the nitrogen plants Carbon Molecular Sieve (CMS) is used whereas Zeolite Molecular Sieve (ZMS) is required for producing oxygen.
  • Therefore, by replacing CMS with ZMS and carrying out few other changes such as oxygen analyzer, control panel system, flow valves etc. existing nitrogen plants can be modified to produce oxygen.
  • A nitrogen plant modified for the production of oxygen can be either shifted to a nearby hospital. 
  • In case it is not feasible to shift the plant, it can be used for on-site production of oxygen, which can then be transported to hospital through specialized vessels/cylinders.

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