100% of Human Genome sequenced

  • IASbaba
  • June 16, 2021
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100% of Human Genome sequenced

Part of: GS Prelims and GS III – Sci and tech; Biotechnology 

In news 

  • Researchers at the Telomere-to- Telomere Consortium, an international collaboration, have sequenced the first complete human reference genome.

About Genome Sequencing and genome

  • Genome Sequencing means deciphering the exact order of base pairs in an individual. 
  • Genome is an organism’s complete set of DNA. 
  • Human Genome contains about 3 billion base pairs. 

Benefits of Genome Sequencing

  • Help in identifying genomic causes of rare diseases. 
  • Improving the understanding of how virus spreads. 
  • Identifying the genetic mutations 

Various initiatives taken for genome Sequencing 

  • IndiGen programme: Funded by the Council for scientific and Industrial Research to undertake whole genome sequences of 1000 Indian individuals representing diverse ethnic groups from India. 
  • Genome India project by Department of Biotechnology which aims to collect 10,000 genetic samples from citizens across India 
  • Human Genome Project: An international research to determine DNA sequence of the entire Human Genome. It began in 1999 and was completed in 2003. 

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