Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haʻapai volcano
Part of: Prelims and GS-I Geography
Context The Pacific country of Tonga experienced a large volcanic eruption recently followed by a tsunami that flooded parts of the capital, Nuku’alofa.
- There is no information on property damage or casualties till yet.
- The eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haʻapai volcano sent shockwaves across the South Pacific.
- A volcano is an opening in the earth’s crust through which gases, molten rocks materials (lava), ash, steam etc. are emitted outward in the course of an eruption.
- Volcanic activity is an example of endogenic process.
- Depending upon the explosive nature of the volcano, different landforms can be formed such as a plateau or a mountain.
News Source: AIR