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Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haʻapai volcano

  • IASbaba
  • January 17, 2022
  • 0
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Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haʻapai volcano

Part of: Prelims and GS-I Geography 

Context The Pacific country of Tonga experienced a large volcanic eruption recently followed by a tsunami that flooded parts of the capital, Nuku’alofa.

  • There is no information on property damage or casualties till yet.
  • The eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haʻapai volcano sent shockwaves across the South Pacific.

About volcanoes

  • A volcano is an opening in the earth’s crust through which gases, molten rocks materials (lava), ash, steam etc. are emitted outward in the course of an eruption. 
  • Volcanic activity is an example of endogenic process.
  • Depending upon the explosive nature of the volcano, different landforms can be formed such as a plateau or a mountain.

News Source: AIR

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