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Chelonoidis Phantasticus

  • IASbaba
  • June 13, 2022
  • 0
Environment & Ecology
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In News: Chelonoidis phantasticus, a giant tortoise species discovered after a century

  • Chelonoidis phantasticus is a giant tortoise species believed to be extinct for more than a century.
  • Named Fernanda after her Fernandina Island home, the tortoise is the first of her species, Chelonoidis phantasticus, to be identified in more than a century.
  • A giant tortoise, found alive in 2019, has been confirmed to belong a Galapagos species long believed extinct.

Fernandina Island

  • Fernandina Island is the third largest, and youngest, island of the Galápagos Islands, as well as the furthest west
  • Like the others, the island was formed by the Galapagos hotspot.
  • The island is an active shield volcano that has most recently been erupting

Galapagos Islands

  • The Galapagos Islands, spread over almost 60,000 sq km, are a part of Ecuador, and are located in the Pacific Ocean around 1,000 km away from the South American continent.
  • Ecuador made a part of the Galapagos a wildlife sanctuary in 1935, and the sanctuary became the Galapagos National Park in 1959. In 1978, the islands became UNESCO’s first World Heritage Site.
  • The Galapagos Islands host a wide array of aquatic wildlife, including marine iguanas, fur seals, and waved albatrosses.

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) Consider the following animals: (2021)

  1. Hedgehog
  2. Marmot
  3. Pangolin

To reduce the chance of being captured by predators, which of the above organisms rolls up/roll up and protects/ protect its/their vulnerable parts?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1 and 3

Source: Indian Express

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