Eublepharis Pictusy

  • IASbaba
  • June 4, 2022
  • 0
Environment & Ecology
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In News: Gecko found in Andhra, Odisha turns out to be a new species

  • Researchers had initially identified the specimen as an East Indian Leopard Gecko (Eublepharis hardwickii).
  • A phylogenetic study and morphological comparisons have distinguished it as a new species – Eublepharis pictus, which appears to be common in the forests of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.

  • The gecko genus Eublepharis now has 7 species
  • The new species differs from all members of the genus Eublepharis except for E hardwickii
  • Geographically the two species appear to be separated by the Brahmani River

What are Geckos?

  • Geckos are reptiles and are found on all the continents except Antarctica.
  • These colorful lizards have adapted to habitats from rainforests, to deserts, to cold mountain slopes.
  • Over a long period of time, geckos have developed special physical features to help them survive and avoid predators.
  • Most geckos are nocturnal; day geckos are active during the day and nibble on insects, fruits, and flower nectar.
  • Most geckos make noises such as chirping, barking, and clicking when they are defending their territory or attracting a mate.
  • There are many species of geckos. Depending on the species, their endangered status can range from least concern to critically endangered.

Previous Year Questions (PYQs)

Q.1) With reference to India’s biodiversity, Ceylon frogmouth, Coppersmith barbet, Gray-chinned minivet and White-throated redstart are (2020)

  1. Birds
  2. Primates
  3. Reptiles
  4. Amphibians

Source: Indian Express


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