Day 67 – Q.2 Discuss the impact of the political developments in West Asia on India’s energy security and suggest ways to address these challenges.

  • IASbaba
  • February 2, 2023
  • 0
GS 2, International Relations, TLP-UPSC Mains Answer Writing
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Discuss the impact of the political developments in West Asia on India’s energy security and suggest ways to address these challenges.

भारत की ऊर्जा सुरक्षा पर पश्चिम एशिया में राजनीतिक विकास के प्रभाव पर चर्चा करें और इन चुनौतियों का समाधान करने के तरीके सुझाएं।


Candidates can start the answer with giving basic idea about India oil import and then highlight how disruption in west Asia will impact the India and its energy security also suggest some measures to reduce the dependencies.


West Asia is India’s largest source of crude oil, accounting for more than 70% of India’s total oil imports. Any geopolitical tensions, conflicts or disruptions in oil-producing countries like Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE can lead to instability in the global oil market and affect the oil prices, which in turn can impact India’s energy security.


  • Volatility in the Middle East: Political instability and conflict in the region can lead to disruptions in oil supplies, causing spikes in global oil prices and affecting India’s energy security.
  • Dependence on Imports: India’s dependence on imported oil from West Asia makes it vulnerable to price volatility and supply disruptions, which can have a significant impact on the country’s economy and energy security.
  • Competition for Resources: The increasing competition for energy resources in West Asia can lead to higher prices and greater competition for supplies, making it more difficult for India to secure the energy it needs.
  • Geopolitical Tensions: Geopolitical tensions between countries in the region and major energy-importing countries, including India, can also affect energy security by creating uncertainty and instability in energy markets and potentially disrupting oil and natural gas supplies.
  • Changing Global Energy Dynamics: The changing global energy dynamics, including the rise of alternative sources of energy and the decline of traditional oil-producing countries, can also impact India’s energy security.

Measures to tackle the challenges to ensure energy security of India:

  • Diversifying Energy Sources: Diversifying India’s energy mix to reduce dependence on a single region and to minimize the impact of supply disruptions in the event of political instability or conflict in West Asia. This can include investing in renewable energy, exploring alternative sources of oil and gas, and improving energy efficiency.
  • Strengthening Domestic Energy Production: Encouraging domestic energy production, including oil and gas exploration, to reduce India’s dependence on imports.
  • Improving Energy Efficiency: Improving energy efficiency in all sectors of the economy to reduce demand for energy, reduce the impact of supply disruptions, and reduce the country’s dependence on imported oil and gas.
  • Enhancing Diplomatic Efforts: Engaging in diplomatic efforts to ensure stability in the region and to secure India’s energy supplies, including negotiating energy security agreements with key energy-producing countries and engaging in multilateral energy forums.
  • Building Strategic Reserves: Building strategic reserves of oil and gas to ensure that the country has adequate supplies in the event of disruptions in West Asia, and to reduce the impact of spikes in global oil prices.
  • Encouraging Private Investment: Encouraging private investment in the energy sector, including investment in renewable energy and exploration and production of oil and gas, to promote domestic energy production and reduce dependence on imports.
  • Implementing Energy-Efficient Technologies: Implementing energy-efficient technologies, including smart grid systems, energy storage systems, and electric vehicles, to reduce energy demand and improve energy security.


India’s energy security is closely tied to the political developments in West Asia, and the country must take a strategic and proactive approach to address these challenges and secure its energy supplies. This may include diversifying its energy sources, developing domestic energy production, and engaging in diplomatic efforts to ensure stability in the region.

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