Dayanand Saraswati

  • IASbaba
  • February 14, 2023
  • 0
History and Art and Culture
Print Friendly, PDF & Email


The Prime Minister of India to inaugurate 200th birth anniversary celebrations of Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati.

About Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati (1824-1883):

  •  He was an Indian philosopher, social leader and founder of the Arya Samaj, a reform movement of the Vedic dharma.
  • He was the first to give the call for Swaraj as “India for Indians” in 1876, a call later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak.
  • Denouncing the idolatry and ritualistic worship, he worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies.
  • Teachings and Contributions: 
    • He believed in the infallible authority of the Vedas and advocated the doctrine of Karma and Reincarnation.
    • Among Dayananda’s contributions were his promoting of equal rights for women, such as the right to education and reading of Indian scriptures.
    • He translated the Vedas and wrote three books 
      • Satyartha Prakash in Hindi, 
      • Veda Bhasya Bhumika, an introduction to his Vedic commentary, and 
      • Veda Bhashya, a Vedic commentary in Sanskrit on the Yajurveda and the major part of the Rig-Veda.
    • He also established Vedic schools for the education of girls and boys of all castes.

Source:  News on air

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) Consider the following freedom fighters:

  1. Barindra Kumar Ghosh
  2. Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee
  3. Rash Behari Bose

Who of the above was/were actively associated with the Ghadar Party? (2022)

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 3 only

Q.2) With reference to Madanapalle of Andhra Pradesh, which one of the following statements is correct? (2021)

  1. Pingali Venkayya designed the tricolour Indian National Flag here.
  2. Pattabhi Sitaramaiah led the Quit India Movement of Andhra region from here.
  3. Rabindranath Tagore translated the National Anthem from Bengali to English here.
  4. Madame Blavatsky and Colonel Olcott set up headquarters of Theosophical Society first here.


For a dedicated peer group, Motivation & Quick updates, Join our official telegram channel –

Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Explainer Videos, Strategy Sessions, Toppers Talks & many more…

Search now.....

Sign Up To Receive Regular Updates