North and South Korea found guilty of violating armistice agreements
Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-II – International Relations
- The UN Command, led by the United States, recently held both North and South Korea guilty of violating armistice agreements after a recent incident which involved gunfire along the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) between the two countries.
About The Korean Armistice Agreement
- The agreement brought about a complete cessation of hostilities of the Korean War.
- It was signed on 27 July 1953 by the United Nations Command (UNC), Korean People’s Army (KPA of North Korea) and the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army (PVA).
- It was designed to ensure a complete termination of hostilities and of all acts of armed force in Korea until a final peaceful settlement is achieved.
- A final peace settlement has never been achieved.
- It also established the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), the de facto new border between the two nations which put into force a cease-fire, and finalized the return of prisoners of war.
- The DMZ runs close to the 38th parallel and has separated North and South Korea since the Agreement.
- South Korea never signed the Agreement, due to its refusal to accept failure to unify Korea by force.
- The UN Command oversees affairs pertaining to the DMZ, to ensure the terms of the armistice are being agreed upon by both North Korea and South Korea
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