Eri Silk to be provided to Grade IV employees in Assam
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I – Geography & GS-III – Agriculture
- The Assam government will provide khadi shirts, eri shawl and eri stole to Grade IV employees in a phased manner, in a move to pay tributes to Mahatma Gandhi and his movement for Khadi.
Important value additions
- Eri silk comes from the caterpillar of Samia ricini.
- It is found in northeast India and some parts of China, Japan.
- The name “eri” is derived from the Assamese word “era”, which means “castor”, as the silkworm feeds on castor plants.
- Eri silk is also known as endi or errandi in India.
- The woolly white silk is often referred to as the fabric of peace when it is processed without killing the silkworm.
- This process results in a silk called Ahimsa silk.
- Moths leave the cocoon and then the cocoons are harvested to be spun.
- The eri silkworm is the only completely domesticated silkworm other than Bombyx mori.
Do you know?
- India has the distinction of being the only country in the world producing all Five major types of silk broadly divided into two categories:
- Mulberry silk: Mainly in Karnataka
- Non-mulberry Silk: Temperate tussar silk in Maharashtra,WB, Odisha, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh; Tropical tussar silk in sub –himalayan belt ( Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya,etc); Muga Silk in Assam and Eri silk in Assam, Odisha, Bihar
- Types of silk and challenges of India’s silk industry: Click here