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Eri Silk to be provided to Grade IV employees in Assam

  • IASbaba
  • January 11, 2021
  • 0
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Eri Silk to be provided to Grade IV employees in Assam

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I – Geography & GS-III – Agriculture

In news 

  • The Assam government will provide khadi shirts, eri shawl and eri stole to Grade IV employees in a phased manner, in a move to pay tributes to Mahatma Gandhi and his movement for Khadi.

Important value additions 

  • Eri silk comes from the caterpillar of Samia ricini. 
  • It is found in northeast India and some parts of China, Japan.
  • The name “eri” is derived from the Assamese word “era”, which means “castor”, as the silkworm feeds on castor plants.
  • Eri silk is also known as endi or errandi in India.
  • The woolly white silk is often referred to as the fabric of peace when it is processed without killing the silkworm.
  • This process results in a silk called Ahimsa silk.
  • Moths leave the cocoon and then the cocoons are harvested to be spun.
  • The eri silkworm is the only completely domesticated silkworm other than Bombyx mori.

Do you know?

  • India has the distinction of being the only country in the world producing all Five major types of silk broadly divided into two categories:
  • Mulberry silk: Mainly in Karnataka
  • Non-mulberry Silk: Temperate tussar silk in Maharashtra,WB, Odisha, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh; Tropical tussar silk in sub –himalayan belt ( Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya,etc); Muga Silk in Assam and Eri silk in Assam, Odisha, Bihar

Related articles:

  • Types of silk and challenges of India’s silk industry: Click here

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