UNSC resolution addresses ‘key concerns’ on Afghanistan: India
Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II- International Relations
Context: India-led United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 2593 addressed India’s “key concerns” on Afghanistan.
- Russia and China Who are among the Permanent members of UNSC abstained from The resolution.
About resolution 2593
- The resolution called on the Taliban to keep their commitments on preventing terror groups in Afghanistan.
- It urged them to assist the safe evacuations of all Afghan nationals wishing to lead the country.
- It mentions individuals designated by Resolution 1267 also, which includes the Lashkar E Taiba and Jaish-e- Muhammad.
- The UNSC is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations
- It is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security.
- Powers: Establishment of peacekeeping operations, establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions.
- It is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
- The Security Council consists of fifteen members.
- Permanent members (P5): Russia, UK, France, China, and USA
- These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary-General.
- The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms.
- The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its 15 members.
About Resolution 1267
- Resolution 1267 was adopted unanimously on 15 October 1999.
- The UNSC designated Osama bin Laden and associates as terrorists and established a sanctions regime to cover individuals and entities associated with Al-Qaida, Osama bin Laden and/or the Taliban wherever located.
- Since the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 which ended recently, the sanctions have been applied to individuals and organizations in all parts of the world.
- There was no right of appeal against listing until December 2006.
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