Eastern swamp deer
Part of: Prelims and GS-III -Biodiversity; Environment
Context: The population of the vulnerable eastern swamp deer, which is extinct elsewhere in South Asia, has dipped in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve.
- The eastern swamp deer is endemic to Kaziranga and is not the primary prey of the park’s carnivores, primarily the tiger.
- But its population is crucial for the ecological health of the tiger reserve.
- The encouraging sign is the animal has now moved to other areas such as Orang National Park and Laokhowa-Burachapori wildlife sanctuaries.
About Swamp deer
- There are three subspecies of swamp deer found in the Indian Subcontinent.
- The western swamp deer found in Nepal,
- Southern swamp deer/Hard Ground Barasingha, found in central and north India and
- Eastern swamp deer found in the Kaziranga (Assam) and Dudhwa National Parks (Uttar Pradesh).
- Protection Status of Swamp Deer:
- IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
- CITES: Appendix I
- Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I
News Source: TH