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Eastern swamp deer

  • IASbaba
  • January 20, 2022
  • 0
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Eastern swamp deer

Part of: Prelims and GS-III -Biodiversity; Environment 

Context: The population of the vulnerable eastern swamp deer, which is extinct elsewhere in South Asia, has dipped in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve.

Key takeaways 

  • The eastern swamp deer is endemic to Kaziranga and is not the primary prey of the park’s carnivores, primarily the tiger. 
  • But its population is crucial for the ecological health of the tiger reserve.
  • The encouraging sign is the animal has now moved to other areas such as Orang National Park and Laokhowa-Burachapori wildlife sanctuaries.

About Swamp deer

  • There are three subspecies of swamp deer found in the Indian Subcontinent. 
    • The western swamp deer found in Nepal,
    • Southern swamp deer/Hard Ground Barasingha, found in central and north India and
    • Eastern swamp deer found in the Kaziranga (Assam) and Dudhwa National Parks (Uttar Pradesh).
  • Protection Status of Swamp Deer:
    • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
    • CITES: Appendix I
    • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I

News Source: TH

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