- Prelims –Science and Technology
Context: Mission on Advanced and High-Impact Research (MAHIR) was launched recently to leverage Emerging Technologies in Power Sector.
About the Mission of Advanced and High-Impact Research (MAHIR):-
- It aims to facilitate indigenous research, development and demonstration of the latest and emerging technologies in the power sector.
- Timeline: It is planned for an initial period of five years from 2023-24 to 2027-28.
- Ministry: Ministry of Power and the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
Objectives of MAHIR:-
- To identify emerging technologies in the power sector that have the potential for future relevance globally.
- To serve as a platform for collective brainstorming.
- To Support pilot projects for indigenous technologies.
- Leverage foreign alliances to accelerate research and development efforts.
- To create a vibrant and innovative ecosystem in the power sector.
Funding and Collaboration:-
- MAHIR is funded through pooling of resources from the Ministry of Power, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, and Central Public Sector Enterprises under these ministries.
- Additional funding will be from the budgetary resources of the Government of India.
- The mission encourages funding by inviting proposals from companies and organizations worldwide.
Structure of MAHIR:-
- MAHIR operates through a two-tier structure comprising a Technical Scoping Committee and an Apex Committee.
- Led by the Chairperson of the Central Electricity Authority.
Areas Identified for Research:-
Central Electricity Authority (CEA)
- It is a statutory organization constituted under Section 3 (1) of the repealed Electricity (Supply) Act, of 1948.
- It is now under Section 70 of the Electricity Act, 2003.
- As per Section 70 (3) of the Electricity Act, 2003, the authority shall consist of not more than 14 members, including its chairperson.
- Not more than eight shall be full-time members to be appointed by the Central Government.
Functions of Central Electricity Authority:-
- It advises the government on matters relating to the National Electricity Plan (NEP).
- It formulates short-term and perspective plans for the development of electricity systems.
- It is the designated authority for cross border trade of electricity.
- It also prescribes the standards on matters such as the construction of electrical plants, electric lines and connectivity to the grid etc.
- It is also responsible for the concurrence of hydropower development schemes of central, state and private sectors.
National Electricity Plan (NEP)
- The latest draft of the National Electricity Plan (NEP), which covers the period 2022-27.
- The NEP guides the development of the power sector in India.
- The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) formulates it every five years under the Electricity Act, 2003.
- The new NEP recognizes the need for additional coal-based capacity, ranging from 17 GW to nearly 28 GW, till 2031-32, over and above the 25 GW of coal-based capacity that is currently under construction.
- The draft Plan also highlights the need for significant investments in battery storage, with an estimated requirement of between 51 GW to 84 GW by 2031-32.
- It projects an increase in the Plant Load Factor (PLF) of coal-fired power plants from 55% up to 2026-27 to 62 % in 2031-32.
- It also emphasizes the challenges posed by the increasing reliance on renewables, which will require careful management and planning in the years ahead.
MUST READ: Energy Security
PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS
Q.1) Which of the following are the reasons/factors for exposure to benzene pollution? (2020)
- Automobile exhaust
- Tobacco smoke
- Using varnished wooden furniture
- Using products made of polyurethane
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
- 1, 2 and 3 only
- 2 and 4 only
- 1, 3 and 4 only
- 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Q.2) Recently, India’s first ‘National Investment and Manufacturing Zone’ was proposed to be set up in (2016)
- Andhra Pradesh
- Uttar Pradesh